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Understanding Mortgages

How do I get a loan?

Mortgages are loans from a bank or building society to finance the purchase of a home. A typical mortgage is for 25 years. However, the duration can be extended or shorter depending on the requirements of your. The mortgage is secured by your house until mortgage is paid in full.

Mortgage types

There are numerous types of mortgages NI

Mortgage at fixed rate:

This is because the interest rate for the loan is locked for a specific duration of time. This means that your monthly payment will remain the same as long as you’re with this product, regardless of whether you change the standard Variable Rate (SVR) is changed.

A mortgage with a discount rate

This is where your interest rate gets deducted in relation to the SVR. The monthly repayments you make and the interest rate could change with adjustments with respect to SVR.

The mortgage tracker:

A mortgage in which your interest rate is determined by the external rate of reference, which is usually it is Bank of England Base Rate.

Offset mortgage

Your savings can be used to offset the interest charges on your mortgage. Your savings should be with the mortgage lender. You are only charged an interest rate based on the amount that is different between savings and mortgage.

Variable mortgage:

A mortgage in which your interest rate is able to change from one day to the next. The rate isn’t based on any external rate, and isn’t discounted from a different rate.
Calculating the amount you can manage to

To be eligible for mortgages the mortgage lender must determine what you are able to take out (in terms of how much you have the ability to repay). To determine this, the lender will evaluate your earnings and expenses. They will also limit your loan to an income multiplier, which means that your income will be a limit on the amount you’re qualified to borrow. The amount of income multiplied varies from lender to lender and it can also vary depending on the amount that you deposit.

The mortgage application procedure

If you’re ready for an mortgage, you’ll have to schedule the appointment with a mortgage Advisor.

In your mortgage appointment you’ll need be able to present your Mortgage Advisor with any proof of expenses and income you earn. They’ll then use that information to determine how much you are able to take out. From there, your Mortgage Advisor will draft your application on your behalf and send you the European Standardised Information Sheet (ESIS) which will explain the mortgage you’re applying for in great detail.

To complete an application for mortgage, the Mortgage Advisor will require signatures by you. They will also require proof of identification or proof of deposit, as well as bank statement. It is also possible to ask to provide additional documents, dependent on your specific circumstances.

Your application will be sent through our Mortgage Underwriting team who will review each application individually, taking a look at your lending history and most importantly, how you repay. This is when many banks will conduct a credit review on you to determine if your request is approved or not. However, at The Tipton, we aren’t doing this!

The Underwriting team may request our appraisers to visit the property you’re looking to buy, in order to make sure that it is in line with our policies and doesn’t cost too much!

If you are accepted the mortgage offer is sent your secure email. You must confirm and return. After that, when your solicitors have been approved and you’ve set an appointment to move and we have the mortgage to your solicitor and they will then make arrangements for the money to be paid into the account of the vendor.

Repayment types


In this case, you pay monthly interest as well as a contribution to the balance of your mortgage every month. When you have finished the mortgage term, you’ll have completed the repayment of your mortgage.

Only interest:

This is the only way to pay the interest that is charged to your mortgage every month. Repayments made monthly will not affect the balance of your mortgage and at the time the mortgage term is over, you’ll still be owed the entire amount you borrowed. To settle the debt, you’ll need an arrangement for repayment for example, an endowment plan, Stocks & Shares ISA, pension, or the sale of an investment property or a second property.

Part and Part:

In this case, your monthly payment will cover the interest cost and also repays some of the money you borrowed. After the expiration of the mortgage term, you’ll still owe a portion of the mortgage principal. In addition, you’ll need an appropriate repayment plan to pay the interest-only part that you owe on your mortgage.

Your deposit and the impact it has on you

You’ll require a down payment to purchase your first house. Minimum amount typically five percent of the value of the home. If you’re planning to move then you’ll be able to make use of the equity in your home currently as a deposit.

Your deposit may be a significant factor in the mortgage you take out. The more money you are required to make and the higher interest rate you’ll be entitled to. This is because of the less risk the lender will take when granting you an mortgage. A larger deposit may result in you having to borrow less money, which could make your monthly payments smaller or permit you to repay your mortgage faster. The lower your borrowing and the lower your interest rate, the less you’ll have to pay overall!

The cost of mortgage products is accessible based on your LTV or loan to value (the amount you’re borrowing against the value that the home is worth). A higher deposit indicates that you’ll have an lower LTV. It is important to note that, most of the time, these products will operate with multiples of five (e.g. products for deposits of 5 or products with deposits of 10 or more, etc.).

Costs and fees to take into consideration

The cost of purchasing your house isn’t only the cost of the property. From saving money for an initial deposit, to taking into consideration for the cost of moving in, the numerous costs shouldn’t be overlooked.

The cost of booking:

This is a fee to secure the money to pay for your mortgage. The fee is not refundable and must be paid at the time of application.

The cost of arranging:

The fee is charged to assess an application. You may choose to pay this fee in advance or add it to your mortgage amount. However, should you decide to include the fee in the amount you borrowed, you’ll have to pay the fee with interest in the exact same way as the mortgage. Fees could be fixed or an amount that is a percentage of the mortgage amount.

Valuation fee:

Your lender has to evaluate the property through the mortgage valuation. This will assure you that the property you’re buying is worth the amount you’re paying and they’re willing to lend money on the property. You can pick between a traditional valuation or a Homebuyer’s Report from RICS that is more costly however, it provides greater depth. The fee for valuations will depend on the value of your home. is worth.

More thorough survey of structural integrity is also accessible. A structural survey provides an extensive report detailing the strength of the structure of the property. You might want to think about this kind of survey if the property you’re purchasing is old or of non-standard construction. In these cases, your lender will need a mortgage appraisal to be done to be used for mortgage purposes, so you could be responsible for the costs of both the valuation as well as the survey.

Legal charges:

You’ll have to choose an attorney or licensed conveyancer to purchase your home. They will handle all legal paperwork for you. It is recommended to obtain a quotation first, and determine what the firm can do for you.

Fee for transfer of data via the internet:

This is a charge to transfer mortgage funds between your mortgage lender and your lawyer. After you’ve dealt with the mortgage you have and now ready to make the move to another property, there are additional costs to consider.

Stamp Duty:

It is one of the most expensive expenses you’ll encounter when you move. The majority of the time, you will pay this amount to your solicitor , who will then pass it on to your Stamp Office. It’s a lump-sum payment to purchase a home that exceeds a certain amount, which you might have to pay.


There are numerous kinds of insurance that you need to consider when you are considering the mortgage. Although you do not need to purchase them through your lender, you’ll need appropriate policies in the first place. At the minimum requirement, you should be covered by a buildings insurance policy. You must also consider life insurance and contents coverage.


There are probably items to relocate from where you live, so that you will need to purchase a removal service. Always ask for quotes and compare what’s included to determine the most competitive price.

Council tax:

How much Council Tax you must pay depends on where you reside and the value of your home is worth.

General maintenance:

There are still things that can fail every now and then. It is possible that you will need to set some funds aside to fix any issues that occur.

Other bills:

There are always costs associated with managing your home. It is important to think about the cost of your bills, which include electricity, gas and water. Along with the other costs such as broadband, food and television.